• Bunny Facts
  • Common Diseases
  • 0

Common Diseases In Rabbits And Their Treatment

Common Diseases In Rabbits And Their Treatment

Can you imagine sick bunnies? How sad!  They are our favorite pets. Rabbits are small innocent creatures and like other living creatures, they may get diseases at certain points of their lives. Today we will discuss some common diseases of rabbits and also find ways to cure them.

Common Diseases In Rabbits And Their Treatment

Sore hocks

Sore hocks

This is the disease in which a rabbit gets sores at its bottom body (hocks). This problem arises if we don’t provide him with a proper soft place to sit, play and sleep. Sometimes the hard and rough surface of the cage also gives rise to this problem. The reason for these sores on hocks is the continuous rubbing of rabbit’s hocks on rough, germy and rugged places. Sores are basically the open wounds. This condition can worsen if they get more severity due to exposure in an open air and bacteria plus other germs get in touch with the open sores. It is not only painful but also health hazardous for the cute bunny.

Treatment

We should treat them softly. Cover their sitting places with soft velvety cloth and clean their resting place regularly. If the rabbit gets intense sores, Antibacterial medication is necessary.

Snuffles

Snuffles

This is a bacterial disease of rabbits and the cause of this disease is  Pasteurella bacterium. It is a severe infectious disease and gives rise to many other health issues including blood infection, fever, watery eyes, lumps on the body as well as uterine infections. This disease can transmit from one rabbit to another, so the rabbit suffering from this problem should be isolated and kept in a separate place. Moreover, rabbits should be given near and clean litter boxes to poop.

Treatment

Antibacterial medication plus clean environment are the only cures. Feed rabbits with hay and carrots during this disease.

Myxomatosis

Myxomatosis

This is the viral disease caused by the myxoma virus. Rabbits feel pain in the whole body. His eyelids, genitalia, ears and lips swell. This disease can be transferred to other rabbits which are in direct contact with the infected bunny. Insects like mosquitoes and flies carry this virus so when they come in contact with the bunny, the transmit virus.

Treatment

Keeping rabbits in an insect-free environment and taking precautionary measures are the best options. Scientists are trying to make vaccines against this virus.

Rabbit Calicivirus

Rabbit Calicivirus

This is a rapidly-occurring, fatal and deadly disease for the rabbit caused by an unknown virus. It is also known as rabbit viral haemorrhagic disease (RVHD). Again this disease is caused by insect vectors especially mosquitoes. Rabbit usually dies within a day or two due to heart failure or respiratory blockage. Virus rapidly divides and causes heavy pain.

Treatment

There is no proper antiviral treatment for this disease however we can take essential precautionary measures and save our rabbit. In some countries like Australia, vaccines of this disease are also manufactured. Try to keep your pets in mosquito proof hutches so they would have minimum chances of getting this virus.

Overgrown teeth

Overgrown teeth

It is the fact that the growth of rabbit’s teeth never stops. But they are regularly grinded when rabbit chews. But sometimes, this chewing fails to maintain the size of rabbit’s teeth. As a result, molars and incisors continue to grow. This condition is very painful for the bunny. He can’t eat, chew, engulf and play well. But never try to trim his teeth at home. These overgrown teeth are very easy to identify because when molars grow more than normal length, we can note a significant awkwardness in the shape of a rabbit and also he can’t eat properly.

Treatment

Special veterinary tools are required to trim rabbit’s teeth. Anesthesia is necessary. Never ever use any kind of clipper or nail trimmer to trim his teeth at home. This can cause complete breaking of his tooth.

Malocclusion

Malocclusion

This is also the abnormality of bunny’s teeth. In this disease rabbit experiences imperfect positioning of the teeth when he closes his jaw. As we know that in normal cases  there is a connection between dental arches and upper and lower teeth that fix each other. But in this case, when opposite teeth meet, the rabbit feels difficulty in adjusting them rhythmically. This can result in wrong face posture, headaches and gum problems.

Treatment

Treatment includes trimming and adjusting the teeth position. Sometimes removal of some extraordinarily protruding tooth is necessary.

Hairballs

Hairballs
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

During the process of grooming, rabbits swallow some hair. If excess hairs are swallowed they form a ball-like structure inside the rabbit’s stomach and sometimes they cause the intestinal blockage. It happens mostly to lethargic and not-eating rabbits. Some hairs also grow naturally in the rabbit’s stomach but they are not dangerous as they automatically pass through the gut. This issue arises when excess hairs form a ball-like structure and is identified by performing an x-ray scan of the gut.

Treatment

Medication and drug injection can help to dilate the intestine, let the hair ball pass easily through the gut, enhance gut motility and fluid therapy. A diet full of hay is necessary to increase movement of hairball and fibre diet is the best precautionary measure against this abnormality. You should regularly brush your rabbit’s teeth to remove excess hair.

Internal parasites

Rabbits sometimes experience intense itching and pain due to internal parasites like fleas, lice, ticks and ear mites. This can be very irritating, annoying and painful as well. Good food and cleanliness can help to avoid this problem. Ear mites are very dangerous and they can cause the rabbit to yell and scream. Intense pain can give rise to lethargy and dizziness.

Treatment

Visit a vet and use medication that he will recommend. Don’t allow your rabbit to lick the cat or dog during the treatment phase.

These were some most common diseases in the rabbits. Some medicines that are used for other pets cannot be used in rabbits because rabbits are very soft and sensitive animals.

We should handle them with care and love.

Explore Our Best Bunny Products Collection

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *